Prostate Cancer Guidelines
Prostate Cancer Guidelines – USONV - Dr. David Ludlow
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men (after skin cancer), but it can often be treated successfully. Dr. David Ludlow with Urology Specialists of Nevada shares his insight on its symptoms and the screening tests available.
Most men don’t like to talk about their prostate, my advice to that is: get over it, your health is important, and talking about your prostate is important.
Now, as to what the prostate is, it is a small gland that sits at the base of the bladder and surrounds the upper part of the urethra, it has a role in the reproductive system, it actually secrets fluid that helps protect the sperm, it also helps control the release of urine from the bladder.
While most men with prostate cancer are aged 55 years or older. It is more common in African American men and those with family history of prostate cancer and it is recommended that those start screening earlier.
Prostate cancer does not usually have symptoms. When prostate cancer does show symptoms, it is usually a sign of more advanced disease. Symptoms may include difficulty with urination, or difficulty with erections, blood in the urine or semen and in very advanced cases where it has spread outside of the prostate you may have lower back – hip - upper thigh pain. Many of these symptoms can be caused by things other than prostate cancer, but if have any of these symptoms, be sure to talk to your doctor.
There are two main and important screening tests for prostate cancer: one of them is called the Digital Rectal Exam (which is physical examination test) the other is a Prostate Specific Antigen blood test also referred to as the PSA test. It is recommended that the screening should be started within your 50’s an actual diagnosis of prostate cancer happens from a prostate biopsy where actual tissue is taken.
It is just important to eat healthy, exercise and get your screening tests.
If you should be diagnosed, a thorough discussion with your doctor about your age, your health, your goals and needs will help dictate an appropriate plan for you.